Tijuana turns wastewater into wine, as Latin America dips toe in reuse
Within this article by Thomas Reuters, he tells us that the city of Tijuana is starting to break the barrier on their water crisis by simply reusing it. This is all starting to happen through a winery that is reusing water from the water treatment plant to irrigate their grapes used to make the wine. By using the treated water rather than the natural water that they would normally get from another irrigation system, it helps out other winery’s that struggle with the lack of water due to their location like the one in the Baja de California Peninsula that competes for water supplies from other local towns. Reusing water is a very underused system in the world and in Latin America only 30% of the wastewater is treated, but with their newfound knowledge of what they can do with the reused water, they will surely implement more water treatment plants to help create more reusable water for the people.
The Latin American people are portrayed like a progressive people in a way that they are in search of a cleaner and easier way to get water to their crops to further businesses but they are also mindful of the economic problems that the reuse of water can cause for the people.
Relating to our class theme of the identity of Latin America, these people seem to be thinking about the future and what they can do to make life easier for them like bringing another “source” of water to their problem of lack of usable water as their solution. This shows them in progressive mindset as said before but also they are mindful in what their actions can cause as far as economic problems and who should get the water (city or farmers) for a higher price or maybe even the same price.
Art and Memory in Latin America
Within the article, the writer tries to show how the people within Latin American communities use art to help protest the “extreme state violence” that they have went through after the civil wars in Guatemala and Chile. In the main skit done by Regina Galindo, she reads the testimonies of indigenous Mayan people who “suffered massacre, torture and rape at the hands of the Guatemalan military during the Central American country’s 36-year civil war.”, but while she reads the testimonies, at certain intervals within the show, a doctor comes in and injects her mouth with anesthetic. When he does this her speech becomes more muffled with each shot of anesthetic. This is a huge part of the show as it shows that even when the government (the Doctor) tries to silence the victims (Regina), they still try to speak out and will never be ultimately never be silenced.
The Latin American people within the article are portrayed as strong in the way that even though the government is against them, they still stand up for what they believe in by creating a civil war between them and the government. Also as portrayed by Regina’s performance, they refuse to be silenced by the government for their actions that have brought them terror and the power to stand up for what is right.
This article shows the true identity of the Latin American people as they stick together and try and rebel against the government that has violated and terrorized them for 36 years during the civil wars in Guatemala and Chile. Art for them is the best way to showcase their pain and protest the government. This article also showcases their identity in the creative arts as they use many different forms of art utilizing their indigenous roots of their Mayan ancestors: plays/skits, posters/paintings, etc.
100 Women: Football offers girls a shield in Brazil’s violent favelas
Within the artice, they talk about the extremely dangerous favelas within Brazil that are the battlegrounds between the police and drug gangs. within the article they provide a crazy statistic that states that a “Rio resident is hit by a stray bullet every 7 hours”, which shows exactly how often there is gun violence in the favelas of Rio, Brazil. because of all the violence, the youth is endlessly looking for ways to get away and stay safe throughout the day, and a way that a group of girls do this is by going to a pitch in the hills to play soccer. the pitch was built by a UK charity that gives under privileged youth an opportunity through sports. the charity wanted to make this area off limits to violence and talked to many of the residents, police and even gangs to help keep this area free of violence. although the residents and gangs have agreed to make this area off limits to all violence, the girls still have to cancel practices due to the frequent shootings that happen throughout the week. through all of this, the coach of the soccer team has helped over 300 children a year “reducing their risk of exploitation and abuse, developing their life skills, and improving their education, training, and employment opportunities.”.
The Latin American people in this article are portrayed as poor and violent but not by choice as they live in very poor situations and struggle to survive. The help that they receive to help protect the youth is extremely important as they are the future of that community and giving them the best opportunity to be the best that they can be will only help the community. Also how the gangs and police have both tried to agree to the restriction of violence in that area shows that even though they are committing crimes, their intention isn’t to hurt the children so it shows that they aren’t as completely savage as they are made out to be.
This article connects to the theme of identities of Latin America by showing how the people in Brazil were presented with a serious problem with violence and decided to make a change to help make the violence affect less of the youth in the area.
Within this article by BBC, they talk about the amount of time that Puerto Rico had to wait to finally receive some help from the U.S. after the hurricane that had swept through and devastated the island. Most citizens on the island believe that they are receiving the help way too late and are mad because, as one citizen said in an interview, they believe that if they were a state of the U.S. instead of a “possession” then they would have received help ASAP instead of waiting and suffering for 9 days without any help. although having to wait 9 days for the help that should have arrived much sooner, they are still happy that the U.S. had come to help them in their time of need.
A main reason that many citizens of Puerto Rico were very upset about the lack of help from the U.S. was that Puerto Rico was utterly devastated by the hurricane. They had lost nearly lost all of there hospitals as 1 of the 69 hospitals were left operational and 55% of the island was left without access to clean water during this time. Along with this, they lost about $780 million in crops, which is about 80% of there crops leaving the island with little food. A big problem that the hurricane caused for Puerto Rico was the destruction of most of the cell phone towers which left the island unable to communicate with each other and their families. Since the U.S. didn’t respond in a timely manner, the celebrities decided to take it on themselves to try and help Puerto Rico in its time of need. Many celebrities decided to help and some very well known ones from Puerto Rico decided to help, like Luis Fonsi, an artist that was born in Puerto Rico and is most known for his huge hit song, Despacito.
The hurricane left the people of the island helpless and struggling for survival while having to wait 9 days for hurricane relief and this article makes the people of Puerto Rico seem to be like the ugly second cousin to the U.S. is a way that portrays the U.S. from trying to relate itself to the island even though they are technically “related”. Or in a better example, by the citizen interviewed in the video within the article, they are more of a “possession” of the U.S. rather a part of the U.S. which seems pretty ridiculous that this is the U.S. makes itself look to Puerto Rico.
This article relates to the class theme as it shows the direct affiliation with Latin America and the United States and how they interact with each other. It shows how the U.S. sent help to bring food, water and cleanup for Puerto Rico, although it took a long time for that help to come. This article also shows how strong the people of Puerto Rico are as most survived with little water and food for 9 days, and it also shows how they stay strong together as a island and culture from how the celebrities decided to give back when the U.S. government wouldn’t send help. Although it took our president 9 days to decide to send help to the devastated island, this gives us an opportunity as a people to decide what we can do to help the people who are in dire need of assistance in Puerto Rico.
Freddy Bernal, Venezuela’s minister for urban agriculture, visiting a rabbit farm.
Strange, Hannah. ‘They put bows on them’: Venezuelan plan to encourage rabbit-eating amid food shortages goes awry as people adopt them as pets. Telegraph. 14 Sept 2017
Within this Telegraph article by Hannah Strange, she talks about the Venezuelan food crisis and how they plan to deal with it by encouraging the people to breed rabbits for meat. The Venezuelan president called this attempt to help his people from the crisis, Plan Rabbit, and Strange writes that he thought that this would be a great idea to implement a new alternative food source to the people that is less expensive than other mainstream meats like beef and chicken that has become extremely expensive. It started out as a trial held by Venezuela’s minister for urban agriculture, Freddy Bernal. He have 15 communities baby rabbits to grow and breed and then collected the rabbits again to count them. What came back to him was very surprising to him because many rabbits came back with names and bows on their heads and were treated as pets instead of potential food.
After seeing that the rabbits were being treated as pets, Bernal decided to try to adjust the way that people viewed the rabbits, from pets to food. He also insisted on switching to goats to take the place of cows within the crisis. This food crisis is causing an economic collapse within the country and has caused record levels of malnutrition in children states Strange. She also states that the average Venezuelan has dropped 19 pounds due to the food and economic crisis. As a result of this, many people are leaving Venezuela in search of a new life and the president of Venezuela blames this crisis on the opposition that is against the government while analysts blame it on the inflammation of the currency within Venezuela as it is now inflated up to 700%, and the drop in imports that the country basically live off of.
This article shows that the people in Venezuela, although in a economic and food crisis’, seem to be unaffected mentally throughout this time of crisis as they don’t really take the opportunity to provide food for themselves but instead keep their sanity through making a pet out of what should have been a stable’ish food supply given to them by the government. The article has some pictures that show how the officials are reacting to how the people are treating these animals as pets but they seem to be humored by the citizens reaction to the rabbits instead of mad or some other justifiable emotion that would come from a plan not working the way that it was planned to.
Within the novel A Land so Strange, Cabeza de Vaca and some 600 other Spaniards are castaways in Florida. As the novel progresses all but 3 Spaniards and one African slave die and find salvation as slaves and soon become sought after as healers throughout the new world to the native Indian people. On their way to discover new land and find maize and other valuable minerals, the 4 healers “were now capable to speak six indigenous languages….. they were of little use in a land where so many tongues were heard.” (Resendez 203). This quote from Resendez shows a couple of things about the 4 healers as they travel along in search or new land and valuable items. One of the things that Resendez is saying is that along their journey throughout the new world, they have been around natives enough to learn and be able to speak their language….. 6 different times. Another thing that he’s saying is that although they have been around enough natives to learn 6 different indigenous languages, those 6 different languages can only get them so far as there are many more languages and obstacles that face them wherever they go. Whether it be new natives and their languages, having to survive with little food and water, or having to brave new lands that they have never seen before alongside people they barely know.
Within the book “A Land So Strange” Cabeza de Vaca is faced with many opportunities to decide the fate of himself and his fellow Spaniards while stranded on the island known to them as Malhado, the “Isle of Ill Fate”. While on this small island, he was encountered by some of the natives who witnessed their condition of obvious starvation and lack of clothing due to a failed attempt to get their raft unstuck from the sand. The natives decided to give them food in exchange for labor, slave like labor that included some of the slave treatments like beatings if they didn’t do the job right. Cabeza de Vaca had a choice to stay and be a slave to stay alive or leave and put his team in danger as they would most likely die in the wilderness trying to navigate their way to Panuco.
The chain of events that followed are the result of staying alive through the natives. He was able to survive and become apart of different tribes of Indians and eventually landed the opportunity to become a merchant to the Charrucos tribe, him access to be mobile and not be in danger of being beaten to death by a native. this gave him an opportunity to leave and head west to try and find Panuco and the others that left before him. If it wasn’t for his choice to stay with the natives in the beginning he would not be alive to get to the point where he would meet up with Castillo, Estabanico and Dorantes. Had Cabeza de Vaca not decided to stay and endure the 6 years of slavery, he most likely would not have survived and the others never get to their intended destination.
As I read the article about Álvar Núñez, I didn’t seem to see anything that wasn’t of relevance to the article topic. The article goes through everything about Álvar Núñez without any bias or distractions from the main point of the article. the article is very lengthy and packed full of info about who he is, what he’s done, the people he’s met, things he’s discovered, and the problems that came along with each expedition. All of the citations, links, and the sources really help the reader understand the article better. Nothing seems to be out of date source wise and in the talk page they all seem to be honestly trying to fix some problems about some things like why some sources spell Cabeza de Vaca, “Cabeca de Vaca” and some thought of it to be of an older version of Portuguese language where the “c” and “z” were interchangeable in some cases. The article was rated as Low-Importance in the U.S. and this was also talked about in the talk page in the effort to try and raise the rating from low-importance to of something of a higher rating. This article differs little from how we talk in class as we tend to touch on a lot of good subjects that most people wouldn’t think about. Overall a good article.
Within the piece of “Only Connect” by William Cronon, he tries to inform the reader about what he believes a liberal education is and what kind of people that they create as a product of going through a liberal education system. He argues that the liberal education is the best education system as it provides students the opportunity to take classes that prepare them for what they want to do in the future. It gives them the “freedom” to do what they want and progress as a human being in a society that is striving to educate young adults to prepare them for the real world. He uses some citations to help make his piece more credible but while he does this, he also makes the piece persuasive by being so one sided on the part that he only talked about the good things that a liberal education can do for a student and society.
Some things he could do to improve his piece I guess would be to add the other side, or add some negatives about liberal education instead of being so one sided about the argument. He also was a bit hypocritical when creating a list of characteristics that liberally educated students possess after previously writing about how people always make lists about what the education for human freedom looks like.
Hi, my name is Brooks and a surprising thing about me would be that I used to work in my dads warehouse that supplied Wooster with the new electrical supplies for their new building. I chose Wooster because it wasn’t far from home and they offered me a chance to earn a top notch degree that would help me better myself and prepare me for my future career. Some of my biggest goals for this semester would be to do good in classes (obviously) and to also make new friends that I will remember for a lifetime.